Thoughts on The Grey Album

GreyAlbum DJ Danger Mouse’s The Grey Album has been on my iPod for a week now, and I’m still feeling conflicted by it. In case you’ve missed the story, executive summary: DJ Danger Mouse has taken Jay-Z’s “The Black Album” and remixed it with samples from the Beatles “White Album.” The results are brilliant, frustrating, obnoxious, beautiful, and an insult to the legacy of the Beatles (though ironically, probably intended as a tribute). If you haven’t heard it, download mirrors are all over the place. And EMI is dispensing cease-and-desist letters like Pez.

Looking at The Grey Album from three angles:

1) As a concept and a piece of technical wizardry
2) As a challenge to copyright law
3) As a piece of artwork

1) Technically, the Grey Album is a remixological wonder. Danger Mouse is a whiz. It’s a trip to hear such familiar strains hashed and rehashed and whipped up and layered back down with this kind of slick wrist expertise. It’s like there was an explosion at the LP factory and somehow all these disparate parts came back down to earth magically hanging together — all wrong, but still somehow totally in sync. While there are long-ish excerpts from The White Album, most of the Beatles you get here are new beats created by twisting and tangling and untangling snippets from familiar songs. Listening to this stuff, half my attention is busy marvelling at Danger Mouse’s skills.

2) It’s funny how this case overlaps with the Ken Light Kerry/Fonda case that’s been front and center for me at work lately – both involve two works by different creators being remixed by a 3rd party. In Light’s case, lawyers are trying to determine whether newspapers can run the composite/collaged image copyright-free or whether royalties are due. Striking parallels to the Danger Mouse project.

Last Tuesday, thousands of web sites mirrored copies of The Gray Album in an all-day protest called Grey Tuesday, the idea being that if enough people participated in the protest, they’d all get away with it. The Electronic Frontier Foundation has posted comments on the legal position of Grey Tuesday participants.

Napsterization wonders what your rights are “if you own the two albums outright already, and simply want the blended version, remixed?” Great question.

At Corante, Ernie Miller wonders whether some kind of remix formula or recipe could be created to allow consumers to recreate the Dangermouse mix from the two original sources, thus sidestepping copyright issues. I respond that the suggestion is similar to the technique used to distribute the lame MP3 encoder, thus bypassing Fraunhofer’s patent. But music is not a computer program, and I am highly doubtful that sufficient notation could be devised, or that anyone could enter in the data in sufficient detail to recreate the artwork.

3) No matter how marvelous the mix or how interesting the copyright questions, you’re still left with a work of art that somehow has to stand on its own, despite leaning so completely on the work of others. Bottom line: Is it a good record? Well, I’ve been listening to it for days, so it must not be a total abomination. But for the most part, I keep listening because I’m fascinated, not because I think it’s a particularly good record. I’m not much of a rap fan to begin with, and Jay-Z’s style doesn’t do much of anything to goose my predilections. As rappers go, his delivery is bland and his lyrics mediocre. It’s not all gangsta, but there’s way too much of this kind of crap (from various tracks):

All my wimmin get tennis bracelets…
Used to deal snowflake by the O.Z….
I like big-body Benzes…
Stay away from ho’s…
I got 99 problems but the bitch ain’t one…

So you get this amazing mix experiment, all these great old Beatles riffs chopped up tossed up chunked up in cruel and unusual (and very cool) ways, all colliding bizarrely with this semi-gangsta crap. The result is as depressing as it is amazing.

Yes, many of the lyrics are better than the ones I quoted, but bottom line is that Jay-Z’s rap is not worthy of The Beatles backing music (even remixed). In fact, it creates the opposite effect: You get the feeling that one of the greatest records of all time by one of the greatest groups of all time has just had mud ladled all over it. You hear these old Beatles samples, and those lyrics start running through your head. Then Jay-Z starts up with his juvenile patter and you just feel kind of robbed. Listening, I go back and forth between digging this whole crazy messed-up adventure on one hand, and feeling like a great chapter in human creativity has been totally desecrated on the other.

My favorite lyric on the album:

“And if you can’t respect that
your whole perspective is whack,
maybe you’ll love me
when I fade to black.”

Well, maybe. I like what Danger Mouse is trying to do from an experimental POV, I like the way he’s challenging copyright, I dig the beats, I enjoy hearing the Beatles in a totally new vein, but the rap pretty much cancels out any positive net effect. Not entirely, but pretty much. All told, I guess I just feel kind of grey about it.

Music: Jay-Z + DJ Danger Mouse :: Moment of Clarity

13 Replies to “Thoughts on The Grey Album”

  1. Scot,

    I know what you mean – I’ve been listening to nothing else since Tuesday! The difference for me is that I’ve never heard The White Album *or* The Black Album. I listen to rap a bit, amongst other styles, so that it doesn’t grate so much. I agree that some of the lyrics are a bit ridiculous, though; however, I am a White, Middle-Class English Person, so I can’t really identify with Jay-Z’s background.

    Top record, though ;) I really must get The White Album!

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  4. Tim,

    How did you miss the White Album????



    If you are looking for some amazing mixology, check out DJ Z-Trip… He does some really impressive mixes of all kinds of music…

  5. Hi Scot (Joe from SIMS, here),

    First, the brilliance of the grey album is hard to appreciate without full appreciation of both the White Album and Jay-Z. Here’s a way to test it’s brilliance: go to the iTunes Music Store (or a record store) and buy a few tracks off of the Black Album (I’m assuming everyone is familiar with the White album). For example, the Jay-Z track “What More Can I Say?” pales in comparison to its Grey Album Counter part.

    Second, I don’t think it would be that hard to code up a quick language for construction of these kind of tracks using XML to describe the recipe and some C/C++ to actually do the copying of pieces of one track onto another. The hard part would be if any processing is done on the individual sounds… (delay, reverb, etc.)… then we wouldn’t be just copying from a recipe but copying and processing the sounds. I describe in more detail at Ernie’s blog:

  6. Joe, thanks for the tip – you’re right, i should listen to some of the a capella stuff from the black album.

    To duplicate the comment Ieft on your blog: I still maintain that the idea is untenable. In theory, it’s possible. In theory, it would also be possible to give you a bowl of dough and a bag of chcolate chips and a “recipe” describing *exactly* how I poured in and stirred my chips. The goal for you would be to create a batch of cookies that came out exactly like my batch. And by that I mean every chocolate chip in the exact same spot. Same number of cookies, exactly the same sizes, etc. You see where I’m going with this. In a Newtonian universe (is it?) everything can be physically described, but the vast number of variables and random elements prevent us from knowing in advance how a plant will grow or even what the weather will be like next week.

  7. My metaphor is partially flawed. Weather is predictive, whereas recipes are descriptive. But the same problem with incalculable numbers of variables (or nuances) applies.

  8. Sean,

    I missed the White Album because I’m 28 (it came out when I was -7 years old) and I only got into the Beatles relatively recently due my wife’s interest in the Fab Four…

  9. Since hearing the grey album I have realized that the frontiers of hip hop have not even been touched. I hope that the devilish powers that be can not silence the people for much longer..Soon it will be OVA

  10. It would seem this post is probably dead, but i felt like commenting. I’ve grew up on the Beatles, but i’ve also been a jay z fan since Reasonable doubt, arguably one of the best cds in ALL OF HIP HOP (check it out) I think the whole sampling issue does indeed affect the listener’s perception of the grey album. I think it relies too much on the white and black albums to be reviewed without bias as a whole new piece of art. It is an accurate and interesting commentary on the way we view and enjoy music in our time period, so in a way you can say its good. Also for the record, dangerous failed to remix “lucifer” and “threat” probably the 2 best songs on the album. It’s all in what you think, as long as you give it a good listen. Cheers.

  11. i was wondering if it is possibkle to download the background music to the grey album, in other words the beatles part in the white album?

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